In the words of Sumner Redstone, “Success is not built on success. It’s built on failure. It’s built on frustration. Sometimes it’s built on catastrophe.” Thomas Edison provided a similar account of success with his famous quote, “I didn’t fail a thousand times. The light bulb was an invention with a thousand steps.” In a way, the world’s greatest inventions are oftentimes fraught by even greater adversity. The same can be said for Albert Einstein, whose last name has become synonymous with genius. To many, Einstein is the greatest scientist who ever lived. But a unique collection of Albert Einstein’s letters and papers revealed a history of struggle and failure that remind us of his humanity. These documents give us a glimpse into the undercurrents of one of the greatest minds to ever live. Based upon such texts, here are five entrepreneurship lessons anybody can learn from Albert Einstein.
1. Even geniuses can be wrong… sometimes!
Just because Einstein is considered to be a genius does not mean he was always right. The best example of this can be given of the central implication of quantum theory, that the universe is based on probabilities, not absolutes. Einstein had a hard time accepting this theory, which can be seen in the now famous Einstein-Bohr debates, where Einstein stated, “God does not play dice with the universe,” to which Bohr cleverly remarked, “Einstein, stop telling God what to do!”
2. Reading is good for you.
Sure, you can read just about any book, but when someone reads the right book, at the right time, it can have a truly profound effect on their outlook of life. So, what books could have intrigued Einstein, one of the greatest geniuses to have ever lived? One of such texts was, A Treatise of Human Nature by David Hume, a Scottish philosopher. In one of his letters, Einstein admitted that reading it helped him formulate his famous theory of special relativity. That’s what reading can do for you; it can help you formulate new ideas by reading about the outcomes, actions, and experiences of others.
3. Take on a challenge.
One of Einstein’s most defining qualities was his ability to conceptualize complex scientific ideas by visualizing extraordinary but potentially real scenarios. He called it thought experiments. Albert Einstein didn’t just pluck his remarkable theories out of thin air. He made many mistakes before ultimately arriving at them, including his iconic equation, E=mc2, that even those who loathe physics find hard to forget. He did all that by being persistent.
Einstein would ask himself questions like, “Would someone see their own reflection in a mirror if they were traveling at the speed of light? If so, would the reflection be larger or smaller?” By formulating these kinds of questions in different ways in order to address the same unknown from different angles, he would gradually unveil some of the most perplexing secrets of the universe. He encapsulated the validity of his approach by saying, “The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination.”
Before his postulates became widely accepted by the scientific community, Einstein spent decades researching and defending his work. And, once his Special and General Theories of Relativity were proven, Einstein did not stop pursuing additional and more difficult challenges. As his ultimate life goal, Einstein hoped to unite the forces of electromagnetism and gravity under one theoretical framework, which would also incorporate the theory of quantum mechanics. This quest turned into a series of dead ends, remaining still unachieved, which serves as a reminder of Einstein’s genius and ambition. If there were ever an icon of scientific entrepreneurship, that is Albert Einstein.
4. Turn your weaknesses into your strengths.
By the time he was an adult, Einstein had adjusted himself, to a certain degree, when it came to engaging in social matters. As a child, however, Einstein didn’t just struggle in school, he was described by his younger sister as a reluctant talker. Later on, Einstein would reveal that he found memorizing words considerably difficult. Experts such as Simon Baron-Cohen have hypothesized Einstein might have been afflicted with Asperger’s Syndrome (AS), a milder form of autism. Those afflicted with AS are characterized as being socially aloof, emotionally detached and exhibiting socially inappropriate behavior which includes lack of empathy for others and a lack of social and emotional reciprocity. Einstein may have also suffered from non-verbal communication problems, and motor clumsiness. But another aspect of Asperger’s Syndrome is an obsessive interest in a single topic or object. So, while Einstein showed little interest in socializing, he relished in solitude while making good use of his capable mind. So, with his distinct childlike playfulness, endless curiosity and ability to focus, he decoded the universe right before our eyes.
5. Your environment matters.
No, I am not talking about the environment as in, global warming. But rather about where and with whom you spend the most of your time. As we can clearly see in the 15 manuscripts and 33 letters penned by Einstein between 1933 and 1954, which were auctioned at the London Antiquarian Book Fair in 2006 for a cool US$1.5 million, he struggled as a student. He was clearly not getting anywhere at school, where his ideas often clashed with his professors who were more in tune with the norms rather than thinking out of the box. It was only until Einstein found a job working as a clerk at a patent office that he made significant strides in not only physics, but mathematics and philosophy as well. Point is, negativity breeds negativity. Wherever you wish to spend your time, make sure you are around positive people to get your creative juices flowing.
Einstein’s work has changed the way physicists view time, space, gravity and light. He has become one of the greatest scientists in history, alongside Galileo Galilei and Sir Isaac Newton. This is all because, just as he was a genius, he was also persistent through struggles of all sorts, personal and professional. In fact, in many ways, Einstein was a deeply flawed man. Yet he never surrendered as his will and determination were unbreakable.
This post was originally published on Forbes.com.